在英国和中国的高研院

 

第一所I高等研究院 (IAS), “世界上理论研究和智力探究的领先中心之一”,是成立于1930年及位于美国普林斯顿。它有四个学院: 历史研究, 数学, 自然科学及社会科学。
伦敦大学高等研究院 (SAS)在1994年汇集了专门的奖学金和10位负盛名的研究生研院所的资源去提供学术机会给广泛的跨越人文和社会科学的科目。高等研究院(IAS)自2005年庆祝成立75周年活动后已经得到了世界性的知名度。
 
Looking at the mission statements and organisations of the existing IASs in the UK and China I found they are more or less modelled on the Princeton one. It seems that nowadays people might have realized that the comparative and interdisciplinary studies and the opportunity to study freely would be very helpful for gaining a better understanding of human existence and deepening human knowledge.

Professor Kevin Sharpe, Queen Mary College, University of London, when concerned about humanities research in the UK, wrote 'We need a flagship to lead the humanities fleet to fighting fitness': 'The current climate is one in which not establishing an institute for advanced studies in the UK will result in the humanities losing reputation, visibility and the competition for research funding. Without a flagship, the whole fleet may be vulnerable.' (Times Higher Education, 19 June 2008).

More positively, the new series of lunchtime lectures on 'Thinking Like a Social Scientist' started in early 2008 can be seen as LSE's echoing this trend (See 'Thinking Like a Social Scientist'). Moreover, LSE social scientists have already participated in this trend, eg. both Professor Lord Bhikhu Parekh and Professor Nikolas Rose became IAS Advisory Council members (2006-2009), Durham University; Professor Lord Anthony Giddens and Professor Immanuel Wallerstein have been Honorary Directors of ISA-Fudan since it was launched in 2008.

In China in the 1990s there were two Centres for Advanced Study. The first one was founded by  Professor Zou Heng-fu (邹 恒 甫 so-called the Centre for Advanced Study on Economics at Wuhuan University in 1994 and later  in 1999 included philosophy, history and sinology, etc.  In 1997  Professor Chen Ning Yang, the Nobel Laureate in Physics (1957), launched another which stresses the natural sciences at Tsinghua University.   IAS-Fudan, the National Institute for Advanced Study on Social Science at Fudan University, was launched in June 2008. Professor Deng Zhenglai (邓正来) has been appointed as the Director. This fascinating initiative emphasises 'social science' and provides bridges to the Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences at Nanjing University, and the China Institute for Advanced Study (CIAS). The comprehensive CIAS was launched at Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE) in April 2008 under the Directorship of Professor Zou Heng-fu (邹 恒 甫).

The 'IAS phenomena' has also received attention from scholars in China, eg. 'Institutes for Advanced Study: A Comparative Analysis of their Models and Missions', by Qian Xiaohong, Zhu Ling, Chen Jin, Tsinghua University Educational Studies, No3, 2007 (钱晓红 , 朱凌 , 陈劲,'高等研究院创建模式比较与任务探究, 《清华大学教育研究》2007年03期). In June 2008 Sun Yat-sen University announced that it would launch its Institute for Advanced Study on Social Science and appointed Professor Wang Jun (王珺) to be the Director.

在英国的高研院

年份 名字 大学
1969 The Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities 爱丁堡大学
1994 The School of Advanced Study 伦敦大学
2003 The Institute for Advanced Studies Lancaster 大学
2005 The Institute for Advanced Studies 布里斯多大学
2005 The Institute of Advanced Studies Surrey 大学
2006 The Institute of Advanced Studies Durham 大学
2007 Kent Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities Kent 大学
2007 The Institute of Advanced Study 华威大学

在中国的高研院

年份 名字 大学
1994 Center for Advanced Study 武汉大学
1997 Center for Advanced Study 清华大学
2005 Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences 南京大学
2006 The Institute for Advanced Research 上海财经大学
2006 Qiushi Institute for Advanced Study
求是高等研究院
浙江大学
2007 The Institute for Advanced Study (NUIAS) 南昌大学
2008 China Institute for Advanced Study (CIAS) 中央财经大学
2008 Institute for Advanced Study of Social Science (IAS-Fudan) 复旦大学
2008 Simian Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities 思勉人文高等研究院 华东师范大学
2008 Institute for Advanced Study 中山大学
2009 Institute for Advanced Historical and Social Research (IAHSR) 中国人民大学
2010 Advanced Institute for Confucian Studies 山东大学

 

(韩志豪译)