Chinese entrepreneur relationships and global economics

This project was a part of the Fellowships for Excellence scheme, administered by the DIUS on behalf of the governments of the United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China to encourage greater research collaboration between Chinese and UK institutions. The scheme enables UK postdoctoral researchers from all disciplines to undertake research projects in China for up to 12 months and forms a central part of the newly launched Sino-UK Partners in Education programme.

After the global financial crisis Chinese economic growth is slowing down. Instead of relying on cheap labour the Chinese economy has to build its economy upon another basis. This is vital for the Chinese economy, as well as for the global economy. The process of how Chinese entrepreneurs build up their businesses, especially how they use their personal networks to build businesses has been observed. Dr. Xiangqun Chang conducted a nine month fieldwork in collaboration with Nanjing University. It was based on her previous research by applying the methods and theory of “social support networks” and the “Chinese model of relationship and reciprocity (lishang-wanglai)” in both rural and urban settings and different regions.

“Chinese entrepreneur relationships” is the first application of the above “Chinese model of relationship and reciprocity (lishang-wanglai)”. Chinese entrepreneurs form what could be called an ethical group in the UK. UK entrepreneurs are also an ethical group in China. A programme has been developed to help them in handling different kinds of business relationships.

The outcomes of the research work have been presented below:

  • 2010 “China model” (lishang-wanglai): -- A socio-cultural perspective, China Policy Institute (CPI), School of Contemporary Chinese Studies, International House, University of Nottingham, 16th Nov.
  • 2010 The China Model: current economic development on mainland China, together with Professor Athar Hussein and Dr Kent Deng, Confucius Institute for Business London, public debate, LSE, 2nd Nov.




中国的经济增长在全球金融危机后减慢下来。中国经济不可再倚赖廉价劳工而要将经济建筑在其他基础之上。这对中国经济及全球经济都重要。中国企业家怎样建立他们的商业, 特别是他们怎样利用他们的个人关系网去建立商业已经被观察。常向群博士与南京大学合作进行了一个9个月的田野调查。这是根据她以前的研究, 将“社会支持网络”及“中国关系与互惠模式(礼尚往来)”的方法和理论应用在农村和城市环境及不同地区。

“华人企业家的关系”是第一个应用以上“中国关系与互惠模式 (礼尚往来)”。华人企业家可以说组成英国的一个族群。 英国企业家也是中国的一个族群。一个项目已经被发展去帮助他们处理不同类型的商业关系。


  • 2010年 “中国模式” (礼尚往来): -- 一个社会文化角度,  诺丁汉大学当代中国研究学院中国政策研究所(CPI), International House, 11月16日
  • 2010年 中国模式: 中国大陆现在的经济发展, 与 Athar Hussein 教授及邓钢博士, 伦敦经济学院伦敦孔子商学院,公开辩论, , 11月2日




The websites and blogs are in use while they are being built 本网站和博客均在'边建设边使用' 中

The above title is adapted from the China's development style in order for you to share our resources in a timely fashion. There is still a huge amount of work to be done. Your understanding, participation and generous support are highly appreciated!

Click the button below to:

Download Gif aid form ( UK )

Registered Charity No.: 1154640

WeChat QR code

Affiliate member of
The Academy of Social Sciences

Supporter of
The Campaign for Social Science